[sigplus] Critical error: Image gallery folder photos/2011-marlinespikes is expected to be a path relative to the image base folder specified in the back-end.

(notes to future self)

HTPLA from Proto-Pasta is reallllyyyy good in the kiln. Other PLA (lookin at you, Jessie) kinda sucks.

200F / 2h: no warping, good result

210F / 2h: warped, layer separation

205F / 2h: warped (but not as bad as 210)

200F / 2h: wood PLA + HTPLA, minor warping in wood (barely noticeable), no separation


Remove the cover to expose the "guts". There are two buttons near the USB jack labeled "SETUP" and "RESET". Press and hold SETUP for about 3 seconds; the LED by the buttons will start blinking blue.

If you start sintering a bunch of crap, or otherwise start running a kiln a lot, you may wish to know what the *actual* interior temperatures look like.

I rigged up a thermocouple on a Particle Photon, to independently measure and record temperatures. The kiln has an independent digital display based on its own thermocouple, but I can't record those values beyond pen/paper (which is obviously tedious)... and I'd still want some way to independently verify the internal temperatures.

Having an external thermocouple also lets me bury it in refractory to get some sense for heat penetration and transfer delays.

There are a few common ways to age or force "natural" patina onto bronze and copper alloys.

  • Bright green verdigris: copper carbonate
  • Dark green verdigris: copper II acetate
  • Dark brown or black shading: ?? (some sort of copper sulfide?)

The verdigris can form spontaneously just from cleaning, and will "stick" best to very clean (polished) bronze. They can be prevented with light waxing, and can wipe off with a soft cloth.

The darker color, as an "oil-rubbed bronze" finish, is an integral part of the surface material and can only be removed with aggressive wire brushing, sanding, or other surface removal.

skulls with various finishes

Note: this is an addendum to the 3rd step of a print / sinter / polish process.

Solid bronze can be finished and polished to a bright luster, not unlike jewelry. It's a very hard, beautiful metal with some cool properties. It cleans up similar to metal-filled plastics, but there are a few steps specific to solid metals.

tl;dr: pickle, brush, shape, tumble, maybe brush again, polish, buff, wax.

Note: this is step 3 of a print / sinter / polish process.

Now that you've successfully printed with "metal" filament, and possibly sintered a solid metal part, you want to make it look nice. These steps are generally chronological, but you can always go out-of-order or do a step again. If you do plan to sinter, I highly recommend a pass of trimming & shaping before the sinter, then further cleanup after.